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Special emphasis was placed on the prevention and control of epilepsy and mental retardation intellectual disabilitiesand the U.

A Manual for Health Workers]. A technical collaboration program was launched in almost every country in the Region, which lasted for several years in the s. National Institutes of Health provided cooperation psiquiatroa this area. The compilation of legislation was also completed.

Unfortunately, the majority of these experiences were short-lived due to a lack of continuity in funding Levav I, editor. An international epidemiological study on prehospanicos prevalence of epilepsy in Chile, Colombia, Cuba, Mexico, and Venezuela was also promoted.

Velazco Alzaga focused primarily on conducting a situation analysis of mental health in the Region. The Brasilia Declaration mentioned the new challenges that had become more evident over the past 15 years.

If we were to evaluate the historical development of mental health services in Latin America and the Caribbean, using the Caracas Declaration as a point of reference, marked progress would clearly be observed in the majority of countries. A directory of psychiatrists was created and a survey of psychiatric institutions was made with the collaboration of Latin American specialists.


Nevertheless, over the two decades in question, PAHO increased the number of consultancies on the organization of mental health services and developed a fellowships policy for training outside the countries that focused on the public health approach to mental health, leaving the work of psychiatric specialization to the countries themselves. Mental Health in the New Millennium Dr. mexco

Some of the most important elements of the period were:. During the s and s, the prevention and control of alcoholism and drug dependency were major components of the PAHO Mental Health Program, meaning that a regional adviser was permanently available for collaboration on this topic.

Using the available information, which focused primarily on the availability of beds in psychiatric hospitals, rates of mortality associated with mental disorders, and institutional admissions, an initial quantitative analysis of problems related to psychiatric care in the Region was conducted. Another important aspect of the Regional Prehisanicos Health Program involved neurological diseases with a major psychological component.

Other community mental health df also bear mentioning: It offers a new opportunity to examine the issue and make it a priority on governmental agendas. At both subregional meetings, hospitalization in psychiatric institutions was criticized for the first time, and it was recommended that psychiatric care be included in public health systems and activities.

The main objective of the meeting was to reach an agreement on the changes needed to modernize psychiatric care and promote broader, more comprehensive mental health activities. Another notable element in was a major project financed by the U. Reports on the three subregional seminars mentioned above served as the basis for developing national mental health programs under the ministries of health in several countries.


Background and historical development of PAHO Mental Health Program

Velasco Alzaga and finishing the execution of the aforementioned grant from the National Institute of Mental Health. Recommendations were made for integrating mental health programs into the public health context and for promoting the participation of communities, patients, and family members in the planning and delivery of services, as well as for amending existing mental health legislation.

Between July and OctoberDr. Jorge Velasco Alzaga, was prenispanicos as Regional Adviser, a position he held until Technical and financial support from the Prehispznicos.

PAHO/WHO | Background and historical development of PAHO Mental Health Program

At this meeting, greater emphasis was placed on a comprehensive approach to mental health as opposed to the more restrictive view of psychiatric antecedntes, and psychiatric hospitals were more directly criticized. Temas de salud mental en la comunidad [Mental Health Issues in the Community]. Technology, Health Care and Research. Over the course of this meeting, a large group of experts and guests discussed the lessons learned and future challenges.

Partnering for Progress,” which was held in Washington D. Five major subject areas are mentioned: Brazil, Mexico, and Jamaica Some major events took place in The highlight of this event was a Declaration that established the principles to advance reform in the Hemisphere. Administration of Mental Health Services]. Technical and financial assistance was also provided to the Costa Rican National Institute on Alcoholism.