ARMY FM 34-130 PDF

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FM Intelligence Preparation of the Battlefield. CHAPTER 1 . Everyone in the US Army conducts some form of IPB. For example: A rifleman in an infantry . United States Army Command and General Staff College .. Current doctrine accepts that goal, as reflected in FM “IPB is an analytical. FIELD MANUAL Headquarters. Department of the Army. Washington, DC , 8 July INTELLIGENCE PREPARATION OF THE BATTLEFIELD.

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Finally, the commander leads the IPB effort. The IPB process identifies any critical gaps in the command’s knowledge of 34-13 battlefield environment or threat situation. For a complete discussion of the decision making process, see FM As intelligence confirms or denies planning assumptions on the battlefield environment or the threat’s COA, a continuous IPB process identifies new intelligence requirements.

The intelligence estimate forms the basis for the facts and assumptions of the decision making process, driving the other staff estimates and the remaining steps in the decision making 34-13. The staff continues to estimate the situation as the operation progresses, adapting the command’s COA to unforeseen changes in the situation.


Every commander and every member of the staff needs to understand and apply IPB during the staff planning process. This requires key members of the staff to “huddle” or conduct “mini-wargaming. Once approved by the commander, the rm intelligence required to fill gaps in the command’s knowledge of the battlefield environment and threat situation becomes the command’s initial intelligence requirements.

Every soldier thinks through an informal IPB procedure, but commanders and staff officers undertake a more formal process. Therefore, staffs should ensure they use IPB, wargaming, and intelligence synchronization as dynamic tools rather than as one-time events.

Figure shows this wargaming. In this step IPB products enable the commander to assess facts about the battlefield and make assumptions about how friendly and threat forces will interact armmy the battlefield. This evaluation focuses on the general capabilities of each force until COAs are developed in later steps of the IPB process. Defining the significant characteristics of the battlefield environment also aids in identifying gaps in current intelligence holdings and cm specific intelligence required to fill them.


The ISOS is the flexible architecture of procedures, organizations, and equipment that collect, process, store, and disseminate intelligence. He bases the AI’s limits srmy the amount of time estimated to complete the command’s mission and the location and nature of the characteristics of the battlefield which will influence the operation. He also prepares event templates and matrices that focus intelligence collection on identifying which COA the threat will execute.

The decision to use a sketch instead of an overlay to depict the battlefield’s effects or the threat’s available COAs is a matter of TTP.

This assessment of the environment always includes an examination of terrain and weather 34-1330 may also include discussions of the characteristics of geography and infrastructure and their effects 34-10 friendly and threat operations. It also identifies opportunities the battlefield environment presents, such as avenues of approach, engagement areas, and zones of entry, which the staff integrates amy potential friendly COAs and their staff estimates. IPB provides the basis for intelligence direction and synchronization that supports the command’s chosen COA.

Generally, these are analyzed in more detail for areas within the command’s area of operations AO and battle space than for other areas in the AI.

Products developed in this step might include, but are not limited to A division staffs IPB can produce IPB not only enables a fj to put steel on target but also helps prioritize armj maximize the effects of targeting. The decision making process is a dynamic and continuous process. As the operation unfolds and the enemy’s intentions become more clear, reinitiate the IPB and decision making processes as needed. The event matrix describes the indicators associated with the activity.

He also approves the list of intelligence requirements associated with that COA and identities the most important as priority intelligence requirements PIR. As the battle progresses, IPB is used to continuously evaluate the situation facing the command, driving new iterations of the decision making process and the directing step of the intelligence cycle.

Each function in the process is performed continuously to ensure that The details these tools provide are the basis of an effective intelligence collection plan.

IPB contributes to complete staff synchronization and the successful completion of several other staff processeswhich are described below. The coordination of this entire cycle is intelligence synchronization. The products developed during IPB are so critical to this cycle 3-130 the staff planning effort that it is a distinct function. When operating against a new or less well-known threat, he may need to develop his intelligence data bases and threat models concurrently.


IPB is a continuous process which consists of four steps which you perform each time you conduct IPB:.

IPB supports further development of requirements by identifying the activity which will satisfy each requirement and where and when the activity is expected to occur.

This focuses the command’s initial intelligence collection efforts and the remaining steps of the IPB process. This enables staff planning and the development of friendly COAs.

Using the results of staff wargaming and IPB as a guide, they decide It is designed to support staff estimates and military decision making. The relationship of the IPB process to each step in the decision making process is discussed below see Figure Intelligence synchronization is more than simply ensuring that collection systems of various sorts are operating 24 hours a day.

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IPB helps the commander dm his intelligence requirements and provides the focus and direction needed to satisfy them. Incorporating the results of IPB into COA development ensures that each friendly COA takes advantage of the opportunities the environment arky threat situation offer and is valid in terms of what they will allow.

IPB is a systematic, continuous process of analyzing the threat and environment in a specific geographic area. The command’s collection manager uses the results of IPB to develop and implement a collection plan that will satisfy these requirements see IPB and the Collection Management Process.

Doctrine Versus Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures. The battle staff then wargames the best friendly response or preemptive action based on the updated set of IPB predictions. Threat evaluation also provides the detailed information on the threat’s current dispositions, recent activities, equipment, and organizational capabilities the staff needs to complete their own staff estimates and planning.