2D Bit Rates. 3D Bit Rates. 4×4 bpp 10×5 bpp 3x3x3 bpp 5x5x4 bpp. 5×4 bpp 10×6 bpp 4x3x3 bpp 5x5x5 bpp. 5×5 . Adaptive Scalable Texture Compression (ASTC) technology developed by Arm and AMD has been adopted as an official extension to both the OpenGL® and. Adaptative Scalable Texture Compression (ASTC) is a new texture com- pression format which is set to take the world by storm. Having been accepted as a new.

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However, it had issues that hampered its widespread adoption: In the modern desktop computing age, there has classically been one answer to texture compression: As shown tedture the previous sections, ASTC images have a number of variables for their formats.

Historically, developers would either target larger desktop screens or smaller mobile screens.

Comprwssion than likely, you will pick something in between. In addition, mobile data networks were slow, and storage in the wstc was small, so smaller data over the wire was important.

They are able to be used with all other textures, including 1D Array Textures. File size is critical with modern content that can be a gigabyte or more in size. If you’d like to help us further, you could provide a code sample, or tell us about what kind of code sample you’d like to see: Assets are sent over the wire in that form, and transcoded to compdession optimal GPU format for the device either at first run or on-demand.

However, on most platforms there are a number of different supported Texture compression formats to choose from. Support for both 2D and 3D images.

By default, the main camera in Unity renders its view to the screen. Thus the on-the-wire, on-disk and in RAM sizes are all key. Take your textures, and separate them into groups of similar content based on the content categories in the next section.

Using ASTC Texture Compression for Game Assets | NVIDIA Developer

Leveraging a large variety of square and non-square block sizes, ASTC delivers a wide range of derived compression ratios, scaling from 8bpp down to just under 1bpp, as follows:. With the flood of mobile devices came even more urgency to use texture compression.


ASTC 3D textures are compressed using a fixed block size of bits, as for 2D but with a variable block footprint ranging from 3x3x3 texels up to 6x6x6 texels. The result was compelling: Unity splits the resulting atlas into two Textures, each without an alpha channel, and then combines them in the final parts of the render pipeline. Did you find this page useful? Again, this is handled on a per-block basis, rather than as an assumption of the format.

Each of these may be encoded as low or high dynamic range.

Navigation menu Personal tools Create account Log in. It does not support alpha. HDR high dymanic range See in Glossary. This allows content developers to fine-tune the compressioon of space against quality.

Texture compression formats for platform-specific overrides

Memory was typically shared with the CPU and thus even more of a scarce resource. One of the oldest tools in the compression market, it is no surprise it is still in heavy use today in many projects. The actual codecs are command-line executables, so can be used for batch processing without the GUI. Crunch Textures can take a long time to compress, but decompression at run time is very fast.

Unity User Manual Encoding different assets often requires different color formats. For each category choose if you want:.

Decompression on the client is still required but it should be an order of magnitude or two faster than any transcoding process. The net result being ASTC handles most types of texture.

Uses more memory than the compressed formats, but could be more suitable for UI User Interface Allows a user to interact with your application. For development and conditioning of visual assets, debug and analysis on Mali GPUs. Most compression formats have a fixed size of blocks.

Technologies | Adaptive Scalable Texture Compression (ASTC) – Arm Developer

The following is a brief selection of tools available on the internet to help developers deal with texture compression. So the 4×4 version of ASTC, the smallest block size, takes up 8 bits per pixel, while the 12×12 version takes up only 0. If you need an alpha channel, you could store it externally and still benefit from a lower Texture file size. If you are not happy with the use of these cookies, please review our Cookie Policy to learn how they can be disabled.


Transcoding One alternate method that has been used in the industry is to compress assets with something like JPEG, tuning for a particular file-size reduction and trying to not trade off much quality. Whether floats larger than 1. In quick testing, we used a tiny set of example ASTC textures the same used in the next chapter and compressed them with standard ZIP compression. Block Size Bits Per Pixel 4×4 8.

This means that some of its functionality is limited, relative to desktop GL.

Using ASTC Texture Compression for Game Assets

By continuing to use our site, you consent to our cookies. In this section we present tables of the acquired data along with some samples of the resulting textures using two of the tested codec variants. An asset may come from a cojpression created outside of Unity, such as a 3D model, an audio file or an image. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Specifically, it has the concept of volumetric compression, where the blocks are 3-dimensional blocks rather than two-dimensional blocks.

If you have a texture that uses alpha to cut a hole in the middle, the parts outside of this will have a constant alpha of one.

The same is true if you request two uncorrelated channels; if the compressor decides that the picture quality will texturf better with correlation on a block, then it will use that.