This Thesis is written to discuss the truth of Samuel P. Huntington’s thesis about the clash civilization between Islam and West. This Theorized clash civilization. Jauh sebelum Samuel Huntington menuliskan buku TheClash of Civilization. MenurutQuthb, benturanbenturan itu terjadikarena peradaban Barat yang. Download Citation on ResearchGate | BENTURAN PERADABAN DAN CARUT- MARUT POSTMODERNISME Huntington, Samuel P
|Published (Last):||21 January 2010|
|PDF File Size:||7.21 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||5.83 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
In an article explicitly referring to Huntington, scholar Amartya Sen argues:. In addition, he cites the fact that many Islamic extremists spent a significant amount of time living or studying in the Western world. The American political scientist Samuel P.
International Politics, 42, pp. The Persian War was took place in BC represent of this hypothesis. This article contains weasel words: Huntington, The Clash of Civilizationsp. Huntington argues that Russia is primarily a non-Western state although he seems to agree that it shares a considerable amount of cultural ancestry with the modern West.
All these historical and modern factors combined, Huntington wrote briefly in his Foreign Affairs article and in much more detail in his book, would lead to a bloody clash between the Islamic and Western civilizations.
In Huntington’s view, East Asian Sinic civilization is culturally asserting itself and its values relative to the West due to its rapid economic growth.
In recent years, the theory of Dialogue Among Civilizationsa response to Huntington’s Clash of Civilizations, has become the center of some international attention. Japan, China and the Four Asian Tigers have modernized in many respects while maintaining traditional or authoritarian societies which distinguish them from the West.
Preconditions for a Fundamental Dialogue.
The initiative is intended to galvanize collective action across diverse societies to combat extremismto overcome cultural and social barriers between mainly the Western and predominantly Muslim worlds, and to reduce the tensions and polarization between societies which differ in religious and cultural values.
Critics of Huntington’s ideas often extend their criticisms to traditional cultures and internal reformers who wish to modernize without adopting the values and attitudes of Western culture.
More recent factors contributing to a Western—Islamic clash, Huntington wrote, are the Islamic Resurgence and demographic explosion in Islam, coupled with the values of Western universalism—that is, the view that all civilizations should adopt Western values—that infuriate Islamic fundamentalists.
Huntington also believes that some of the factors contributing to this conflict are that both Christianity upon which Western civilization is based and Islam are:. International Studies Quarterly, 45, pp.
Huntington identifies a major shift of economic, military, and political power from the West to the other civilizations of the world, most significantly to what he identifies as the two “challenger civilizations”, Sinic and Islam. This conflict dates back as far as the initial thrust of Islam into Europeits eventual expulsion in the Iberian reconquestthe attacks of the Ottoman Turks on Eastern Europe and Vienna, and the European imperial division of the Islamic nations in the s and s.
Such statements should be clarified or removed.
Cultures in world affairs. Testing Cultural Legacies and the Civilization Border. In addition, the clash of civilizations, for Huntington, represents a development of history.
Huntington began his thinking by surveying the diverse theories about the nature of hunington politics in the post-Cold War period.
CS1 French-language sources fr Webarchive template wayback links All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from Benturah Articles with weasel words from October All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from November The Global Politics of Civilizations”. To read in this a historical commitment of the West—over the millennia—to democracy, and then to contrast it with non-Western traditions treating each as monolithic would be a great mistake.
In other projects Wikimedia Commons. Core state conflicts are on a global level between the major states of different civilizations. Views Read Edit View history.
Afterward I analyze with the clash of civilization by which introduce by Huntington. According to Huntington, the West is distinguished from Orthodox Christian countries by its experience of the RenaissanceReformationthe Enlightenment ; by overseas colonialism rather than contiguous expansion and colonialism; and by the infusion of Classical culture through ancient Greece rather than through the continuous trajectory of peradavan Byzantine Empire.
It is to set forth descriptive hypothesis as to what the future may be like.
The Clash of Civilizations is a hypothesis that people’s cultural and religious identities will be the primary source of conflict in the post- Cold War world. Mexico and Russia are also considered to be torn by Huntington. This has been successfully demonstrated by documenting the rise of Christianity from the Hellenized Roman Empirethe rise of the Islamic caliphates from the Christianized Roman Empire and the rise of Ottoman rule from the Islamic caliphates and the Christianized Roman Empire.
Journal of Peace Research.
Some theorists and writers argued that human rightsliberal democracyand the capitalist free market economy had become the only remaining ideological alternative for nations in the post-Cold War world. The Challenges to America’s National Identity Specifically, Francis Fukuyama argued that the world had reached the ‘ end of history ‘ in a Hegelian sense.
Its political and economic elite must support the peradabna. Perhaps the most controversial statement Huntington made in the Foreign Affairs article was that “Islam has bloody borders”. Samuel P Huntington uhntington a hypothesis that the fundamental source of conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic.