PHYTO-PHARMACOLOGY OF BERBERIS ARISTATA DC: A REVIEW. Mazumder Papiya Mitra 1, *Das Saumya 2, Das Sanjita 2, Das Manas Kumar 3. Berberis aristata DC (Berberidaceae) commonly known in Hindi as “Dāruhaldi” and “Citra,” is an important medicinal herb native .. Berberis aristata: A review. The review of Berberis was also done with an end in view of identifying the . 3) ( References in Table 3: B. aristata: Blasko et al., ; Potdar et al.
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Its root, stem and leaves are extensively used in the Indian system of medicine; the latter two also find their use as crude drugs. The region of xylem is traversed by distinct medullary rays. J Med Plants Res.
Aliev and Yuzbashinskaya, [ 7 ]. Determination of certain leaf constants such as palisade ratio, stomatal number, stomatal index and vein islets were carried out as per the method described in Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India.
A case report and review of the literature. An effective crude drug for eeview. The short ones have an irregular margin and scalariform type of thickening.
He included 52 species with 43 infra specific categories under Berberis and 11 species under Mahonia from the Indian region. Recent trend in research on Berberis species, however directed the workers to focus more towards oncology, toxicological studies and clinical trials. Pavel, [ 97 ]. Chemical diversity of various Berberis species is illustrated in Table 3 Tab.
Lamina [ Plate 6Plate 7Figures 2a and b, and 3] shows a dorsi-ventral arrangement of the mesophyll. DNA methods for identification of Chinese medicinal materials.
The fibers are very long, thick walled lignified mostly with pointed tapering ends, while a few are observed to be having blunt to forked ends [ Plate 4Figure 3o-q]. The xylem fibers are very long highly thickened with narrow central lumen and mostly tapering pointed ends or at places with truncated ends [ Plate 7Figure 5b 1 and b 2 ]. Alkaloids of berberidaceous plants – IX: Published online Feb It shows a single layer of epidermis, the cells of which are of cubicle to tangentially elongated type.
The phloem fibers have been reported to be of plain type only but our findings have shown that there are two types of fibers viz. Some of the epidermal cells are elongated to form short unicellular trichomes whose walls are very much thickened so as to leave a narrow lumen within them. Hepatoprotective activity of Berberis integerrima extract in rats treated with CCl4: Generation of reactive oxygen species by a novel berberine—bile acid analog mediates apoptosis in hepatocarcinoma SMMC cells.
The present article summarizes its usage in eye and liver disorder, fever, kidney and gall stones along with anticancer activity. The fibers are long with thickened walls having a perceptible lumen with mostly pointed ends, but in some cases the fibers have blunt ends. RESULTS Pharmacognostic investigation of root Macroscopic characters The roots are thick, woody yellowish brown, cylindrical, more or less knotty and covered over by a thin brittle bark.
Fragments of upper and lower epidermis in surface view, both with sinuous walls, the epidermal cells of the lower surface being smaller in size and with anomocytic type of stomata are seen. Res J Med Plant ;3: Action of the root extracts of few species are believed berberus be as powerful as quinine in the treatment of malarial fever. Journal List Anc Sci Life v.
Alcohol and water soluble extractive values are The fibers are long somewhat pointed, blunt or truncated ends [ Plate 7Figure 5a 1 and a 2 ]. Antimicrobial activity, Daruharidra, eye infection, methanolic stem extract.
This review will be useful for researchers to approach the newer berebris by exploring varied pharmacological activities like anti diarrheal, antispasmodic, anti malarial, etc. Proceedings of the 19th International Congress of Americanists. Habitat Dependent Variations in berberine content of Berberis asiatica Roxb. Literature on Phyto-chemistry reveals that the species are rich in alkaloids, of which biologically active ‘Berberine’ is the major and potential one.
Antiurolithic effect of berberine is mediated through multiple pathways.
The transverse section of a young stem [ Plate wristataFigures 1 and 2] shows a wavy outline and it consists of a single layer of epidermis comprising of cubical to radial elongated type of cells covered over by a thick cuticle.
Quantitative microscopy Determination of certain leaf constants such as palisade ratio, stomatal number, revlew index and vein islets were carried out as per the method described in Ayurvedic Pharmacopoeia of India.
In the British Pharmacopoeia, the alkaloid berberine- the active principle in several species of Berberis and Mahoniahas been incorporated for its successful use in the treatment of oriental sore. In vitro and in vivo studies. This is followed by a wide zone of secondary phloem, which is intersected in between by wide funnel shaped medullary rays. Tomita and Kugo, [ ]. Hussain SF, Shamma M.