Purpose: The arteriovenous fistula (AVF) of Brescia-Cimino fulfills nearly all of the criteria for an optimal access for chronic hemodialysis, such as long-term. Developed 40 years ago by Dr. Cimino and his colleagues Michael Brescia, MD, and Kenneth Appel, MD, the AV fistula is still among the most. Looking for online definition of Brescia-Cimino fistula in the Medical Dictionary? Brescia-Cimino fistula explanation free. What is Brescia-Cimino fistula?.

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Factors responsible for fistula failure in hemodialysis patients. When even basilic vein is not available, brachial vein may be tried but only at specialized centers.

Lower limb and body wall fistula sites are to be considered at the end, when all options in both upper limbs are exhausted.

Cimino, 78, is lively, engaged, and continues to meet regularly with medical students and work on special projects. Eur J Vasc Endovasc Surg ; Three secondary surgical procedures were performed two pseudoaneurysm repairs, one vein patch angioplasty.

Autogenous arteriovenous fistula options. Elbow arteriovenous fistulas for chronic hemodialysis. The bovine graft is taken from the bovine carotid artery and anastomosed to the vein and artery of the patient.

Complications Just like any other surgical procedure, creation of AVF has its own set of complications. Support Center Support Center. Only a small part breecia the basilic vein above the antecubital crease is superficial, while the rest of it is running deep to the fascia. Most of the body wall configurations use axillary artery as a source of inflow.


Eck’s fistula an artificial communication made between the portal vein and the vena cava. The radiocephalic arteriovenous fistula RC-AVF is a shortcut between cephalic vein and cmino artery at the wrist.

In diabetic patients, it may be prudent to consider proximal forearm options as primary vascular access without trying Brescia-Cimino fistula when radial artery at wrist is calcified or seems inadequate on Doppler study.

The secondary patency rates were In addition, the cephalic vein is relatively superficial and transposition is seldom required. Our main focus was on autogenous fistulae and grafts either in the upper or in the lower limbs.

Radial artery—perforating vein fistula for hemodialysis. Based on these observations, we can make some proposals to help decision making for optimal patient outcome [ Figure 1 ].

Brescia-Cimino fistula | definition of Brescia-Cimino fistula by Medical dictionary

Bazan HA, Schanzer H. Although he officially retired from his position as director of the Palliative Care Institute at Calvary Hospital in the Bronx inDr.

Other investigators have also confirmed the superiority of upper arm autogenous fistulae over forearm grafts. Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Peripheral neuropathy related to functional AVFs is either a result of chronic tissue edema resulting in nerve entrapment, e.

Depending upon the cause of venous hypertension, treatment is done by ligation of the venous tributary responsible for retrograde flow or by angioplasty to correct stenosis of the outflow venous channels. Factors affecting the patency of arteriovenous fistulas for dialysis access. El Mallah reported better outcomes with the staged procedure in a prospective randomized trial comparing single-stage and two-stage brachiobasilic transposition AVF.

Arteriovenous fistulae formed at the wrist are the first choice for this purpose, but, in many patients, these fistulae fail over time or are not feasible because of thrombosed veins. If the cephalic vein is not available, the forearm basilic vein is the next option.


Hemodialysis vascular access options after failed Brescia-Cimino arteriovenous fistula

A systematic review and meta-analysis. The survival of patients on long-term hemodialysis has improved. These innovative sites fiwtula mentioned as the last resort of vascular access. This position protects the basilic vein from frequent venipunctures and, hence, it is usually patent and available for AVF formation. Body wall These innovative sites are mentioned as the last resort of vascular access.

Upper arm Cephalic vein Once the forearm veins are exhausted, the focus shifts to the upper arm. Long-term results of saphenous vein graft arteriovenous fistulas.

Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl ; Two-stage brachiobasilic arteriovenous fistula for chronic haemodialysis access. Basic principles of using distal sites first and preferring autogenous fistulae over grafts are the mainstay of decision making. Seventeen patients developed temporary edema of the forearm during the first month, in three cases the edema extended to the entire arm, but no other complications were associated with the procedure.

Unfortunately, the patient survived only a few brewcia.

J Am Soc Nephrol ; Aneesh Srivastava and Sandeep Sharma. Cimino recalled his days working as a phlebotomist at the Bellevue Hospital blood bank during medical school.