Feline panleukopenia is a highly contagious, often fatal, viral disease of cats that is seen worldwide. Kittens are affected most severely. The causative parvovirus. Feline Panleukopenia virus (FPV), also commonly referred to as feline distemper, is a highly contagious and life-threatening viral disease in cats. Learn more. Feline panleukopenia virus is highly contagious. The virus may be acquired by direct contact with infected cats or via fomites (bedding, food dishes); flies and.
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Feline panleukopenia virus FPValso known as feline infectious enteritisfeline parvoviral enteritis,  feline distemper,  feline ataxia, or cat plague,  is a viral infection affecting cats, both domesticated and wild feline species.
Treatment of dogs naturally infected with canine parvovirus with lyophilized canine IgG. It is caused by feline parvovirusa close relative of both type virks canine parvovirus and mink enteritis.
Feline parvovirus is much better prevented than treated. Common diseases of fekine animals 3rd ed. Diagnosis can sometimes be confirmed using an in-office immunochromatographic test kit intended for detection of fecal CPV antigen.
This is because the virus affects the infected cat’s immune system, leaving it vulnerable to secondary infection.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Anti-emetic drugs may be useful to help stop vomiting, and feeding the cat small meals as soon as the vomiting has resolved is also important.
Pregnant queens infected with parvovirus, the virus can spread to the unborn kittens where it can interfere with the developing brain. ABCD guidelines on prevention and management. Cat diseases Animal virology. Feline parvovirus infection is probably the greatest major disease threat to any rescue facility and infection carries a very high mortality rate, particularly in unvaccinated kittens. At the beginning of the s, cats panleukoopenia to Marion Islandone of the Prince Edward Islandsto deal with a mouse problem in the local meteorological station, went out of growth control.
Extreme thrombocytopenia may also occur, and can lead to severe hemorrhagic complications. Retrieved from ” https: Panleukopenia Felibe and Procedures Analysis, B. Differential diagnoses include other causes of profound depression, leukopenia, and GI signs.
The patients’ severe leukocytopenia predispose them to secondary infections, especially bacterial and fungal, though secondary viral infections also occur with some frequency. Panleukopenia is primarily spread through contact with an infected animal’s bodily fluids, feces, or other fomitesas well as by fleas. Even cats kept indoors can be infected since the virus is so stable that it can be transmitted on fomites. Treatment involves whole blood transfusion panleukppenia improve pancytopenia, intravenous fluids as most cats are dehydrated, injections of vitamins A, B, and C, IV antibiotics to prevent septicemia panlekopenia, which develops in most cats with feline panleukopenia if antibiotics are not used, and hospitalization.
A cat diagnosed with FPV should be first of all kept in isolation. Kittens may initially seem fine, but as they start to move and walk it becomes obvious panleukopejia they are highly uncoordinated. Viral replication at these sites leads to a marked depletion of white blood cells.
Pansystemic diseases, Feline panleukopenia feline distemper “. J Feline Med Pnleukopenia. If a cat is exposed during pregnancy, the virus can cause cerebellar hypoplasia in her offspring. How to guides Keeping your cat happy The cat friendly home Playing with your cat Indoors or outdoors? May Learn how and when to remove this template message.
Once contracted, it is highly contagious and can be fatal to the affected cat.
In kittens over three or four weeks of age and in adult cats the virus causes a very severe gastroenteritis, following an incubation period of five to nine days. Feline parvovirus is spread by direct faecal-oral contact, and indirectly following contamination of the environment or objects eg, on food dishes, grooming equipment, bedding, floors, clothing or hands.
The viruses have a broad tropism for mitotically active cells. Affected cats often die from dehydration and massive secondary infection, so aggressive support with intravenous fluids and broad spectrum antibiotics are crucial, but even with this, a high proportion of affected cats may die. Retrieved 26 May In neonatal animals the viruses replicate in a large number of tissues, and FPV infection of the germinal epithelium of the cerebellum leads to cerebellar hypoplasia, while CPV may infect the hearts of neonatal pups, causing viruus.
However, FPV kills both palneukopenia and myeloid colony progenitors in in vitro bone marrow cultures, and it has been suggested that virus replication in the myeloid cells in vivo could lead to the reduced neutrophil levels seen after FPV infection of cats. This page was last edited on 28 Marchat Zoonoses Cats and babies Cats and pregnancy cat health A to Z of conditions and treatments Life stages Keeping your cat healthy cat behaviour Cat behaviour described Problem behaviour Urine spraying Soiling indoors Scratching indoors Aggression between cats Aggression to humans Over-grooming Pica in cats Feline bereavement Anxious pqnleukopenia Stressed cats Problem behaviour Understanding your cat Why do cats?
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Neutropenia is a more consistent finding than lymphopenia. Hyponatremia and other electrolyte disturbances are also quite common, as is hypotensionhyperpyrexia or, late in the disease, hypothermia. Overall, any long-term sequalae in survivors of feline panleukopenia is extremely rare, with almost all cats who pnaleukopenia making a full recovery.
Cats infected with FPV can continue to excrete the virus for feliine least six weeks following infection, and the virus can also be transmitted by dogs. However, it is not intended to be used as a substitute lanleukopenia going to the vet. The information provided here has been put together panleujopenia experts in feline health, behaviour and welfare. This is why administering modified live feline panleukopenia vaccine during felinf is discouraged.
Inhibitory effects of recombinant feline interferon on the replication of feline enteropathogenic viruses in vitro. Retrieved 30 May All about cats Getting a cat Caring for your panleukopenai Cat behaviour Cat health. During recovery from infection, there is typically a rebound neutrophilia with a marked left shift.