Pedoman Tata Laksana Klinis Flu Burung (H5N1) di. Rumah Sakit (AI Clinical Case Management Guideline for. Hospital). This Guideline serves as the primary . Pedoman Tata Laksana Klinis Flu Burung (H5N1) di Rumah Sakit (AI Clinical Case Management Guideline for Hospital). This Guideline serves as the primary . Petunjuk Umum Pencegahan Flu Burung (H5N1) Pada Unggas Dan Manuisa ( Risk Reduction Behaviors). Produced under the CBAIC project, this booklet.

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Influenza A virus subtype H3N2 is endemic in pigs in China, and has been detected in pigs in Vietnam, increasing fears of the emergence of new variant strains. Introduction The cases of avian influenza AI in humans from to Augustthere were cases of AI with dead victims in 15 countries in the world.

The United States and these international partners hn1 led global efforts to encourage countries to heighten surveillance for outbreaks in poultry and significant numbers of deaths in migratory birds and to rapidly introduce containment measures.

Antigenic Variation in H5N1 clade 2.1 Viruses in Indonesia From 2005 to 2011

The phylogeny was constructed using the Mega 4 version AA Neighbor-Joining bootstrap analysis replicatesand the Kimura 2 parameter model is shown. Research has shown that burubg highly contagious strain of H5N1, one that might allow airborne transmission between mammals, can be reached in only a few mutations, raising concerns about a pandemic and bioterrorism.

Characterization of a novel influenza A virus hemagglutinin subtype H16 obtained from black-headed gulls.

By observing the changes of the amino acids in the antigenic site, which also represents the location of antigenic epitope binding, the immune response could be observed to be different. Dlu have reacted by buying less chicken, causing poultry sales and prices to fall. In Arctic temperatures, it does not degrade at all.


Influenza A virus subtype H5N1 – Wikipedia

The phylogenetic tree of the clade of Indonesian strain viruses. Hemagglutinin mutations related to attenuation and altered cell tropism of a virulent avian influenza A virus. Wikinews has related news: Novel, contagious strains of H5N1 were created by Ron Fouchier of the Erasmus Medical Center in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, who first presented his work to the public at an influenza conference in Malta in September Archived PDF from the original on The seven viruses used in this research are from clade 2.

Then, the sera were tested by the HI assay using 0. As the HA gene mutates, antigenic drift occurs. The sera were treated by using a receptor-destroying enzyme Denka Saiken Co.

Influenza A viruses are significant for their potential for disease and death in humans and other animals.

Highly Pathogenic Asian Avian Influenza A(H5N1) Virus

Abstract Influenza A H5N1 virus, has spread to several countries in the world and has a high mortality rate. Archived from the original on November 8, The authors are grateful to Dr.

Find articles by Vivi Setiawaty. First, all European, Middle Eastern, and African samples fall into a clade that is distinct from other contemporary Asian clades, all of which share common ancestry with the original Hong Kong strain. The only buryng about it is that it is possible for it to be transmitted to poultry and in poultry mutate into a highly pathogenic strain. Pages with archiveurl citation errors CS1 maint: In order to ensure transparency in the global animal disease situation, to safeguard international trade on animals and animal products and to be consistent burungg Chapters 1.


The virus was first detected in in geese in China. Table 3 Cross-reactive rabbit antisera by the Hemagglutination Inhibition test. H5N1 as an avian virus preferentially binds to a type of galactose receptors that populate the avian respiratory tract from the nose to the lungs and are virtually absent in humans, occurring only in and around the alveolistructures deep in the lungs where oxygen is passed to the blood.

It is enzootic maintained in the population in many bird populations, especially in Southeast Asia. Links with this icon indicate that you are leaving the CDC website. While cellular immune responses maybe contribute effectively to eradicate cells infected by the virus is not analyze in this study.

The New York Timesin an article on transmission of H5N1 through smuggled birds, reports Wade Hagemeijer of Wetlands International stating, “We believe it is spread by both bird migration and trade, but that trade, particularly illegal trade, fli more important”. The ability of various influenza strains to show species-selectivity is largely due to variation in the hemagglutinin genes.

The Threat of Pandemic Influenza: This study shows that the H5N1 strains isolated from Indonesians from to hurung members of the same clade, 2. For antigenic drift, there is concern that the antibodies against the virus subtype which was previously circulating will not cross-react with a new virus subtype.

The influenza viruses used in this study were derived yearly samples, from to Key Actions to Date”.