This manual is part of the FM series, which describes a contemporary. Opposing Force (OPFOR) that exists for the purpose of training U.S. forces. publications in the former Field Manual [FM] series will be TCs outline an OPFOR than can cover the entire spectrum of military and. First, the armor- and mechanized-based and infantry-based OPFOR modules . Likewise, some types of OPFOR described in FM can.
|Published (Last):||7 October 2010|
|PDF File Size:||9.90 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||6.69 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Army simply needs to train opfir an OPFOR that represents a particular level of capability rather than a particular country. The OPFOR maintains that, especially for distances under km, rail marches cannot concentrate forces as rapidly as road or combined road and rail marches.
Sign In Sign Out. However, artillery groups might not always move as a single march unit.
Air defense assets generally move dispersed throughout the march formation, but with a concentration at the head of march columns. In order to build a strong strategic grouping to mount an offensive in one theater or to ensure defense of a threatened theater, the General Staff must mobilize and redeploy forces from one or more other theaters. They do not try to meet such an enemy head-on in conventional combat. A combined movement is economical in the use of transport resources and preserves both equipment and personnel.
In preparation for a strategic operation, top priority goes to the deployment of ground elements of aviation units, long-range missile units, air defense units, and key combat service support elements.
There are dm major drawbacks to rail movement. The OPFOR needs to hold these at constant readiness to execute important tasks, starting with the long-range fire strike.
A timely decision to begin mobilization and strategic redeployment is critical.
Thus, this sort of march, too, is better for prewar deployments. In terms of technology, both groups import most of their systems.
The manual also addresses strategic and theater operations, to provide a larger context for the actions of the organizations listed above. The problem is most acute in the case of tanks and, to a lesser opofr, self-propelled artillery and infantry combat vehicles.
This introduction provides definitions of some basic terms used throughout the manual. They typically use these heavier units as exploitation forces or mobile reserves. Beginning prior to the initiation of hostilities, the OPFOR continuously conducts offensive and defensive IW activities throughout the duration of a march.
FM is a training tool that trainers and OPFOR organizations must use with flexibility to meet their training requirements. Such armies normally mount at least 40 percent of their ground forces in armored vehicles. Sometimes certain threat information may not be available at any level of classification.
Such an OPFOR should portray the specified, real-world threat force with the greatest possible gm based on the best available classified and unclassified information.
See Chapter 7 for more information. Small-to-medium armor- tm mechanized-based forces cover a wide range of technology and capability, from developing states through small, professional armies. Field Manual depicts infantry-based forces of a country that is divided geographically into an unspecified number of military regions, each with a number of subordinate military districts.
During a march from the depth to the final opor area, an army allocates from two to four routes to each division and one to the remaining army troops.
The referenced page often includes a definition of the indexed term. It provides a challenging, uncooperative sparring partner representative, but not predictive, of actual threats. These forces may comprise The to km interval between first- and second-echelon divisions also remains constant.
Road marches with or without combination with rail marches result in a more rapid concentration than pure rail moves, especially for distances under km. Thus, deployment in peacetime may be by rail, but during combat the movement of units by rail would be rare, except in strategic depth, and used only in exceptional circumstances.
The name of that country is the State. However, they are normally capable of projecting military power only within their region.
Thus, the length of the army’s first-echelon columns, including forward-deployed combat and logistic support elements, is about km. For maintenance support, vehicles requiring medium repairs must go to opfo vehicle collection points for transfer to military district or army group repair centers. A medium-size infantry-based force may have one or more standing armies or corps and the capability to integrate forces at the lower end of the operational level.