This instrument is made for measuring atmospheric pressure with the scale in hPa and the venier which can read to 1/10 mm. Since this precision fortin. INTRODUCTION. The Fortin barometer is the most widely used type and can be found in many industrial laboratories, workshops, classrooms and. A wooden wall plaque supports a brass outer casing which protects the glass barometer tube and wood and leather cistern. A brass screw provides the means .

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The wheel Y is then turned so that the lower edge of vernier V is exactly level with the top of the Mercury column M. With suitably bright background bwrometer, and taking care to correctly align the front and back setting edges, the vernier cursor Barometeer should be lowered until it appears on the summit of the mercury meniscus.

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: Repairing and using a Fortin Barometer

Proper setting can be aided by making small ‘pecking’ head movements to ensure that both cursor edges just meet the meniscus. In other mercury barometers air pressure is calculated from the distance between the level of the mercury in the reservoir and in the tube.

Restored recently, it would still be operational, however it contains no mercury. Figure 1 shows the essential features of the instrument. Fotrin the pumping period is over, the stopcock on the trap is closed and immediately the telflon tube is withdrawn carefully from the barometer. A Fortin barometer is usually also provided baromeer a gimbal mount to that it may be maintained vertical.

For example, an uninsulated thermometer hanging in air near the barometer will probably be warmed much faster by forhin presence of the user than will the barometer – leading to temperature and hence pressure measurement errors.


The trap fills with mercury during this process. This particular Fortin Barometer was in use in the second year laboratory until Arrangement used for filling barometer with a vacuum pump. To achieve this the mercury surface should first be lowered until it is clearly below the fiducial point F.

The cistern after removal of the mercury, the barometer tube and the glass cistern tube.

It should then be washed and dried. Restoring the Vacuum in a Fortin Barometer The quality of the Torricellian vacuum is the most important factor controlling the accuracy of a Fortin Barometer.

Fortin barometer

Conceptually, it is a simple matter: If the surface is bright and the harometer correct, the tip baromeetr the point will appear to coincide with its reflected image in the mercury surface. Simple device used for filling barometers using a vacuum pump. Oxide and dust have to be removed and this can be done using a hypodermic syringe to draw the mercury away from the dross.

The screw Y is then used to bring the lower edge of the Vernier V to a point exactly level with the top of the mercury meniscus. At the upper end of the baroemter, the barometer tube T passes into the brass scale housing D.

See also fiducial point; Kew barometer. Baromete barometer is designed to read correctly at 0 deg C. One such is to seal a tube on to the normally closed end of the barometer tube, pump it down in situ, thus drawing up the mercury from the cistern.

A McLeod Vacuum Gauge. When the clamps are in place, the three long bolts P are slackened and removed.

Fortin Mercury Barometer – Physics Museum – The University of Queensland, Australia

Arrangement used for filling barometer with a vacuum pump The evacuation is carried ount in stages: When the glass barometer tube is secure, the brass housing can be removed completely.

When the teflon tube has been completely withdrawn, the barometer is carefully re-assembled. The vacuum presents a challenge both from the point of view of the difficulty in establishing it and from the difficulty of verifying its quality. Recently viewed 1 Fortin barometer. Print Save Email Share. The Fortin Barometer was commonly used at meteorological stations to measure atmospheric pressure.


A wooden wall plaque supports a brass outer casing which protects the glass barometer tube and wood and leather cistern. Experienced consultants and project managers draw upon a unique combination of industry know-how and world-leading scientific discovery to deliver real-world business solutions and enable innovation and secure competitive advantage.

A vernier scale on the side of the barmoeter tube is then lowered until its base touches the top of the baromdter in the reservoir and a reading is taken from the fixed scale marked on the tube. When the setting is correct there should be no more than the slightest dimple where the fiducial point makes contact with badometer mercury surface.

All Title Author Keyword. The Fortin barometer makes no correction for changes in temperature, which affect the volume of mercury, or for capillarity, which introduces inaccuracies. There are three corrections which need to be applied for the best accuracy: A portable mercury barometer that was invented in by the French instrument maker Jean Nicholas Fortin — The space above the baromfter in T contains a Torricellian vacuum.

In use the vertical tube T and the cistern C are filled with mercury. NPL maintains a wide portfolio of internationally visible research programmes that advances measurement science, underpins the SI system and supports various cross-disciplinary technologies.

baroketer Before travelling, the base of the reservoir is raised using the adjusting screw until both reservoir and tube are filled with mercury. The instrument is clamped vertical using a clamp on the lower part of the cistern and two other clamps at top and bottom of the barometer tube housing.