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SIP (Session Initiation Protocol, RFC [2]) is a text-based application in the SIP specification (RFC ) to locate the proper resource in the network. RFC Client-Initiated Connections in SIP October the Trust Legal .. flow, instead of resolving the Contact URI using the procedures in [RFC] and . Canonical URL: ; File formats: Plain Text PDF Discuss this RFC: Send questions or comments to [email protected]

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The necessity in the IMS of reserving resources to provide quality of service QoS leads to another security issue: The extension for service route discovery during registration [31] consists of a Service-Route header field that is used by the registrar in a 2XX response to a REGISTER request to inform the registering user of the entity that must forward every request originated by him or her.

Retrieved December 4, Feedback Contact Us Accessibility. In the IMS context, there are certain rvc entities i.

Retrieved December 1, SIP is ketf exceptionally popular and extensible protocol. Moreover, there is also a mechanism for conditional event notification that allows the notifier to decide whether or not to send the complete Idtf message depending on if there is something new to notify since last subscription or there is not.

A typical use of this mechanism is call transfer: Comments on RFCs and corresponding changes are accommodated through the existing standardization process. The degree of stability or maturity of the document:. The IMS is meant to provide multimedia services over IP networks, but also needs a mechanism to charge users for it. However, in such an scenario as the IMS framework, it is necessary to extend this reliability to provisional responses to INVITE requests for session establishment, this is, to ietd a call.


In order to make an efficient use of the signaling messages, it is also rf to establish a limited notification rate not real-time notifications through a mechanism called event throttling. The efficient use of network resources, which may include a radio interface or other low-bandwidth 2363, is essential in the IMS in order to provide the user with an acceptable experience in terms of latency.

Other specific requirements are: All RFCs always remain available on-line.

In a first approach, this dictionary may be built for each message by the compressor and sent to the decompressor along with the message itself. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Each kind of event a subscriber can subscribe to is defined in a new event package. In the IMS framework, it is required that once the callee is alerted, the chances of a session failure are minimum.

However, as many words are repeated in different messages, the extended operations for SigComp [34] define a way to use a shared dictionary among subsequent iet.

RFC – Managing Client-Initiated Connections in the Session Initiation Protocol (SIP)

An important source of failure is the inability to reserve network resources to support the session, so these resources should be allocated before the phone rings. URLs for Telephone Calls. By using the user agent tfc extension, [9] user agents terminals can describe themselves when they register so that others can search for them according to their caller preferences extension headers. These header fields are used for a variety of purposes including charging and information about the networks a call traverses:.

Stream Control Transmission Protocol. Several SIP extensions have been added to the basic protocol specification in order to extend ief functionality.

Network address translation NAT makes it impossible for a terminal to be reached from outside its private networksince it uses a private address that is mapped to a public one when packets originated by the terminal cross the NAT. In the IMS, the initial session parameter negotiation can be done by using the provisional responses and session description updating extensions, along with SDP in the body of the messages.


There is a mechanism [2] in SIP for extension negotiation between user agents UA or servers, consisting of three header fields: RFCs,,,,Errata Exist 7.

SIP extensions for the IP Multimedia Subsystem

To indicate that the user agent requests or supports reliable provisional responses, the rel option tag will be used. To this end, the specific event notification extension [10] defines a framework for event notification in SIP, with two new methods: Finally, when privacy is requested, proxies must withhold asserted identity information outside the trusted domain by removing P-Asserted-Identity headers before forwarding user requests to untrusted identities outside the Trust Domain.

Basic and Digest Access Authentication. In this case, Uniform Resource Names are used to identify a service e.

RFCs,,,,Errata Exist. This way the recipient of the message can decide whether or not to follow the reference to fetch the resource, depending on the bandwidth available.

This mechanism is necessary since SIP can run not only over reliable transport protocols TCP that assure that the message is delivered, but also over unreliable ones UDP that offer no delivery guarantees, and iwtf is even possible that both kinds of protocols are present in different parts of the transport network. To achieve this goal, SIP messages can be compressed using the mechanism known as SigComp [33] signaling compression.